In the second post about the tiny 3x3x3 cube I want to present the second board which I made (actually my girlfriend made the first one). This board features a more advanced design than all the previous ones.
The main difference to the other boards is that this one uses shift registers to switch the LEDs on and off. This reduces the wires that are necessary to connect the board to the Arduino. There are only 6 wires needed, two for Vcc and GND and the other four for programming the shift registers. The board from part one needed 13 wires.
The design is based almost entirely on this tutorial from the Arduino website: http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/ShiftOut This is well explained that it doesn’t need any more words from my side. The big advantage of using shift registers is that no more wires are necessary even if more registers are added to address more LEDs. While this approach seems to be alright it has one drawback on my board. The shift registers I used can only source 70mA of current. I mentioned in the previous post that if all LEDs on one layer are on at the same time, they use up to 180mA. That is more than twice of what the shift register can deliver. That means that when an entire horizontal layer is on, the LEDs are a lot darker as each of them only gets 7,77mA.
Even though this board is more sophisticated it is still trivial to make, if you follow my posts about building the cube and the Arduino tutorial about using the shift registers. Still this is only one more step and these boards and cubes are almost one year old. I knew a lot less back then and you can see that. I wanted to write about them anyway, since they work in some way and help to explain certain concepts.
The next posts will be about my current efforts. New LEDs, new cubes, new chips etc. I even bought an FPGA board for building a large cube so there is a lot more in the pipeline here. I hope the next post will be on my new blog though. I had so many troubles with tumblr recently that I’m frustrated enough to move away from it. Temporarily I will host a wordpress blog myself. Later on I will write my own basic blog software as wordpress is just to bloated. Compared to tumblr, a self hosted wordpress is at least accessible and offers features which tumblr and other sites just don’t offer.
I’ll let you know when the new blog is ready. In the meantime I will post a video and the code for the cube … as tumblr is really annoying when you want embed videos in text posts *sigh*